Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a common oral health issue that affects a large number of the population worldwide. It’s important to have an awareness of this disease and to know that it can be cured by a skilled dentist in Plymouth, MA. It is also important to know about its causes, symptoms, and available treatments to maintain optimal oral health. Let’s jump into the details of periodontal disease and its impact on dental well-being.
Understanding Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease is a provocative condition that affects the tissues enclosing and supporting the teeth. It starts with the aggregation of dental plaque, a sticky film of bacteria, on the teeth and gums. If not discarded through adequate oral hygiene methods like brushing and flossing, the plaque converts into tartar, which can only be wiped out by a dental expert.
Causes and Risk Factors
- Poor Oral Hygiene
Insufficient brushing and flossing enable plaque to grow, giving rise to gum irritation and disease.
- Tobacco Use
Smoking reduces the immune system, making it difficult to fight the gum disease.
Some people may be genetically exposed to developing periodontal disease.
- Health Conditions
Diabetes and particular systemic diseases boost the risk of gum disease.
Some treatments decrease saliva flow, which can lead to dry mouth and an increased threat of issues.
- Hormonal Changes
Hormonal changes during adolescence, pregnancy, and menopause can make gums more sensitive and exposed to inflammation.
- Poor Nutrition
A diet lacking crucial nutrients can deplete the immune system’s ability to battle infections, including gum disease.
- Red, swollen, or tender gums
- Bleeding gums, particularly while brushing or flossing
- Poor breath that doesn’t increase with dental hygiene
- Fading gums, making teeth seem longer
- Creation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Alterations in the way teeth fit together or tooth alignment
- Pus between teeth and gums
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Professional Dental Cleaning
Scaling and root planing eliminate tartar and bacteria from above and below the gum line.
Antibiotics, antimicrobial mouth rinses, and enzyme suppressants may be given to regulate infection and inflammation.
- Surgical Procedures
In advanced cases, surgical procedures like flap surgery and bone grafts might be essential.
- Lifestyle Changes
Enhancing dental hygiene techniques like quitting smoking and governing underlying health conditions can enable and prevent periodontal disease.
- Brush your teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste
- Floss daily to discard plaque from between teeth
- Routine check-ups with a dentist for professional cleanings.
- Consume a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins
- Say no to tobacco
Periodontal disease is a severe oral health problem that can have far-reaching outcomes if left untreated. By understanding its causes, symptoms, and treatment possibilities, people can take the right steps to avoid and manage gum disease. With constant oral hygiene methods and frequent dental visits, maintaining healthy gums and teeth is within everyone’s reach.